Endocrine and metabolic effects of short-duration hyperoxia

Cover of: Endocrine and metabolic effects of short-duration hyperoxia |

Published by USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Aerospace Medical Division (AFSC) in Brooks Air Force Base, Tex .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Oxygen -- Physiological effect.,
  • Oxygen -- Toxicology.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statement[prepared by ... in the Physiology Department: Henry B. Hale ... [et al.]]
SeriesTechnical documentary report -- no. SAM-TDR-64-6, Technical documentary report (USAF School of Aerospace Medicine) -- no. SAM-TDR-64-6.
ContributionsHale, Henry B., USAF School of Aerospace Medicine.
The Physical Object
Pagination5 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21640595M

Download Endocrine and metabolic effects of short-duration hyperoxia

Aerosp med. may; endocrine and metabolic effects of short-duration hyperoxia. hale hb, williams ew, anderson je, ellis jp by: 1. ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC EFFECTS OF SHORT-DURATION HYPEROXIA. TECHN DOCUM REP SAM-TDR HALE HB, WILLIAMS EW, ANDERSON JE, ELLIS JP Jr.

PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] MeSH Terms. Adrenal Cortex Hormones* Biomedical Research* Body Fluids* Creatine* Creatinine* Epinephrine* Humans; Hyperoxia* Norepinephrine* Oxygen* Author: Hale Hb, Williams Ew, Anderson Je, Ellis Jp.

In this study, O 2-treated rats had smaller adipocyte size in the eWAT, as measured by numerical density and provide another mechanism for beneficial metabolic effects of hyperoxia.

While reduced adipocyte size is associated with improved metabolism [ 40 ], adipocyte hypertrophy is an independent predictor of type 2 diabetes [ 57 ].Cited by: 4.

Hyperoxia has favorable metabolic effects in type 2 diabetes as we have seen in the current study by decreasing fasting glucose, improving glucose tolerance, decreasing gluconeogenesis, and weight-lowering effects. In line with these results, favorable metabolic effects of hyperoxia have previously been reported [7,32,33].Cited by: 2.

Abstract. The purpose of this chapter is to review, from a historical perspective, the role of the key endocrine glands in modulating the metabolic responses to acute and chronic exercise.

Its scope is limited to the metabolic effects of hormones released by the pancreas (insulin and glucagon), adrenal glands (catecholamines and glucocorticoids), anterior pituitary (growth hormone), and.

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Abstract. The number of patients surviving ≥5 years after initial cancer diagnosis has significantly increased during the last decades due to considerable impro. The endocrine system (via e.g., cortisol) is known to affect both the metabolic system (represented above by glucose and insulin levels) and the immune system (represented here by.

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Please note the Image in this listing is a stock photo and may not match the covers of the actual item,grams, ISBN: Seller Inventory #. Restoration of NO levels by nitrite have been associated with favorable metabolic effects in T2D.

Moreover, H2S can potentiate the effects of NO in the cardiovascular system. The aim of th. Effects of hyperoxia on muscle oxygenation. The NIRS responses provided evidence that muscle oxygenation was altered by hyperoxia. The [HbO 2] was higher in hyperoxia at s of exercise (P hyperoxia after 60 and s and at the end of exercise (all P.

During times of stress, the hypothalamus, a collection of nuclei that connects the brain and the endocrine system, signals the pituitary gland to produce a hormone, which in turn signals the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, to increase the production of cortisol. Drugs with favourable metabolic effects, including for some of them a demonstrated effect in diabetes prevention, should be preferably chosen.

Keywords: Obesity, Metabolic syndrome, Diabetes, Arterial hypertension, Sympathetic nervous system, Leptin, Insulin resistance, Adipocytokins. The endocrine system consists of a group of glands and organs that regulate and control various body functions by producing and secreting hormones.

Hormones are chemical substances that affect the activity of another part of the body. Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (Under Re-organization) Effects of Oral L-Citrulline Supplementation on Lipoprotein Oxidation and Endothelial Dysfunction in Humans with Vasospastic Angina Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic.

The effect is of short duration, measured in seconds, and localized. The endocrine system acts through chemical messengers called hormones that influence growth, development, and metabolic activities. The action of the endocrine system is measured in minutes, hours, or weeks and is more generalized than the action of the nervous system.

Vol 10 Issues, ISSN: (Online) ISSN: (Print) This journal supports open access. Metabolic and Endocrine Effects of Consuming Beverages Sweetened with Glucose, Fructose, Sucrose, and HFCS (Just the Data and Potential Mechanisms) Peter J.

Havel DVM, PhD Professor, Department of Molecular Biosciences School of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Nutrition. A wide range of drugs has an effect on the function of endocrine glands, may simulate or mask the effect of hormones, or may confound the interpretation of hormone assays.

The problem is further complicated in the elderly by the fact that most patients present to the surgery, out-patient clinic or ward on at least one drug, and in many.

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Advice on health categories This category includes basic studies of metabolism but not generic signalling pathways involving kinases. This includes studies of metabolic. We are pleased to inform you that from 1st May Endocrine and Metabolic Science will waive the APC (Article Publishing Charge) through This will be applicable for any submissions received before 31st Decemberwhich are accepted from 1st May for publication after peer review.

Primary hypothyroidism is due to disease in the thyroid; thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is increased. The most common cause is autoimmune. It usually results from Hashimoto thyroiditis and is often associated with a firm goiter or, later in the disease process, with a shrunken fibrotic thyroid with little or no function.

The 2nd most common cause is post-therapeutic hypothyroidism. Updates the previous recommendations on this topic from the guideline – particularly those on elevated lipid and blood pressure – to reflect more recent data. Emphasizes measures to identify and reduce the risk of ASCVD and T2DM, rather than defining the metabolic syndrome as a clinical entity.

Focuses on adults between 40 and 75 years of age, for whom a higher quality of. Your endocrine system consists of glands that release hormones that control physiological functions in your body.

Exercise boosts the number of hormones circulating in your body and strengthens receptor sites on target organ cells. The metabolic effects of GH are biphasic. GH initially exerts insulin-like effects, increasing glucose uptake in muscle and fat, stimulating amino acid uptake and protein synthesis in liver and muscle, and inhibiting lipolysis in adipose tissue.

Several hours later, more profound anti– insulin-like metabolic effects occur. They include. Endocrine and metabolic disorders of particular importance to dentistry include disorders of the pancreas, adrenal glands, and thyroid gland.

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Hyperoxia has beneficial effects and can reverse the aforementioned hypoxic status, for example, insulin sensitivity and wound healing [,].

Hyperoxia could be considered as a new strategy for the management of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome: a clinical and molecular perspective. Annu Rev Med, Google Scholar; 76 Monzillo LU, Hamdy O, Horton ES, Ledbury S, Mullooly C, Jarema C, Porter S, Ovalle K, Moussa A, and Mantzoros CS.

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Therefore it is not surprising that defects in endocrine or metabolic function underlie so many common human diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders. Our department has a long and distinguished history of metabolic and endocrine research.

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Print Book & E-Book. ISBNExperimental design. To assess the effects of hydration state on the endocrine and metabolic responses to resistance exercise, subjects completed three identical resistance exercise bouts in different hydration states: euhydrated (EU), hypohydrated by ∼% body mass (HY25), and hypohydrated by ∼% body mass (HY50).

Metabolic & Endocrine: Dosing, Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Patient Handouts, Pricing and more from Medscape Reference. The endocrine system consists of a group of glands and organs that regulate and control various body functions by producing and secreting hormones.

Hormones are chemical substances that affect the activity of another part of the body. In essence, hormones serve as messengers, controlling and.Other metabolic effects of insulin include stimulation of triglyceride synthesis, inhibition of the release of free fatty acids from adipose tissue, and stimulation of the incorporation of amino acids into proteins (Wilcox ).

Insulin also promotes cell division and growth through its mitogenic effects.once the desired effect is achieved in the target cell, an inhibitory signal (hormone, nerve impulse, or enzyme) will be sent from the target cells to the endocrine gland.

b) hormones that are secreted by endocrine glands and travel to target cells directly are called nontropic hormones.

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